栏目分类：欧美文化 发布日期：2016-11-12 浏览次数：次
Things Everyone Believes About Thanksgiving That Are Absolutely Untrue
It’s one of American history’s most familiar scenes: A small group of Pilgrims prepares a huge November feast to give thanks for a bountiful harvest and show their appreciation to the Indians who helped them survive their first winter.Wowever，here are some common misconceptions about the origin of one of our favorite holidays.
Myth: The settlers at the first Thanksgiving were called Pilgrims.
Fact: They didn’t even refer to themselves as Pilgrims—they called themselves “Saints.” Early Americans applied the term “pilgrim” to all of the early colonists; it wasn’t until the 20th century that it was used exclusively to describe the folks who landed on Plymouth Rock.
Myth: It was a solemn, religious occasion.
Fact: Hardly. It was a three-day harvest festival that included drinking, gambling, athletic games, and even target shooting with English muskets (which, by the way, was intended as a friendly warning to the Indians that the Pilgrims were prepared to defend themselves).
Myth: It took place in November
Fact: It was some time between late September and the middle of October—after the harvest had been brought in. By November, says historian Richard Ehrlich, “the villagers were working to prepare for winter, salting and drying meat and making their houses as wind resistant as possible.”
Myth: They ate turkey.
Fact: The Pilgrims ate deer, not turkey. As Pilgrim Edward Winslow later wrote, “For three days we entertained and feasted, and [the Indians] went out and killd five deer, which they brought to the plantation.” Winslow does mention that four Pilgrims went “fowling” or bird hunting, but neither he nor anyone else recorded which kinds of birds they actually hunted—so even if they did eat turkey, it was just a side dish.
事实：朝圣者吃的是鹿，而不是火鸡。Pilgrim Edward Winslow后来写道，“我们款待了三天，和[印度人]出去杀了五只鹿，把它们带回种植园。”Winslow也提到，四去朝圣，“打鸟”或“鸟狩猎，但他还有人都没记录猎物是哪种鸟类，所以即使他们如果真的吃了火鸡，它也只是配菜。
Myth: The Pilgrims held a similar feast every year.
Fact: There’s no evidence the Pilgrims celebrated again in 1622. They probably weren’t in the mood—the harvest had been disappointing, and they were burdened with a new boatload of Pilgrims who had to be fed and housed through the winter.